Organization and direction of the exhibition project

In January 2019, the Fundación Consejo España – EE.UU. took over the direction of the exhibition project “INVISIBLE EMIGRANTS. Spaniards in the US (1868–1945)”.

At the current venue in Gijon (2021/2022), the exhibition is being organized by the Fundación Consejo España – EE.UU. in collaboration with the Municipal Foundation for Culture, Education and Popular University, an Asturian regional organization dependent on Gijon City Council.

The Fundación Consejo España – EE.UU. is a private non-profit institution, which was founded in 1997 with the aim of strengthening ties between Spain and the United States to promote mutual knowledge and understanding. Since its beginnings the Foundation’s mission has been shared with its US counterpart, the United States – Spain Council.



Organized by
Fundación Consejo España – EE. UU.

With the collaboration of
Fundación Municipal de Cultura, Educación y Universidad Popular del Ayuntamiento de Gijón/Xixón (FMCE y UP)

General coordination
Fundación Consejo España – EE. UU.
Manuel Mª Lejarreta
Mónica Otero
María Luque
Carmen Rodríguez
Bárbara Baggetto

With the collaboration of:
Fundación Municipal de Cultura,
Educación y Universidad Popular
del Ayuntamiento de Gijón/Xixón
Miguel Barrero
Raquel Huergo


Head of Communication
Carmen Rodríguez

Las Espigadoras
Helena Fernández
Alexis Fernández
Marta San Vicente

In collaboration with:
Oficina de Comunicación de la FMCE y UP
María del Carmen Cabana
Beatriz Solano

Luis Argeo
James D. Fernández

Exhibition Project Director
María Luque

Production design and coordination
Paco Gómez

Graphic design
Manuel Gil

Exhibition video
White Stone Ridge Productions
Original music composed by Miguel Gil

Video mapping
Cynthia González

Educational program and consultancy
Sara Torres

Graphic production
Máster Rótulo
Visual Rotulación
Cízero Digital

Photographic prints
David Vicente

Alfonso Zapico

Assembly and display cases


Becky Stoakes
Victoria Ghent
Oficina de Normalización Llingüística de Gijón/Xixón

Audiovisual editing

Introduction / Xuntanza video editing

Official Photographer
Juan de la Fuente

Web design
Julio César González

Verónica Díez

Josefina Fernández



Fracaso Books
Fundación Consejo España – EE. UU.

Publication coordination
Paco Gómez
Luis Argeo
James D. Fernández
María Luque

Design and layout
Paco Gómez
Manuel Gil

Verónica Díez

Printing and binding
Pulseprint (postales)

Metal tin production
JOVI INC Distribuciones

© EDITING: Fracaso Books / Fundación Consejo España – EE. UU.
© TEXTS: autores
© PHOTOGRAPHS: autores
Lourdes Quesada Balsera
Alfonso Zapico

ISBN: 978-84-121014-1-6

LEGAL DEPOSIT: M-39684-2019


The exhibition has only been possible thanks to the generous contributions of the descendants and relatives of the emigrants who donated the treasured photographs, objects and images that had been lying in wait for decades in their attics. To the more than 45 families from across the United States and Spain, thank you for providing the heart of this project.


To each and every one of the descendants and relatives of emigrants, of whom there are too many to name here, who opened their homes to us and shared their archives, as well as to:


Muséu del Pueblu d’Asturies; Asociación Fumañeda Santolaya; Red Municipal de Bibliotecas de Gijón/Xixón; Biblioteca Municipal de El Coto; Centro Español de Tampa (Florida); Centro Asturiano de Tampa (Florida); Sociedad Española de San Luis (Missouri); Gijon International Film Festival (FICX); Laboral Ciudad de la Cultura; Asociación Juvenil Abierto Hasta el Amanecer; Acción en Red; and Centro Cultural Valey de Castrillón.


Team from the Muséu del Pueblu d’Asturies; Érika Álvarez; Ángel Briongos; Tony Carreño; Ángeles Caso; María Cerezuela; Yolanda Cerra; Alejandro Díaz; Alfonso García; Sonia Gayo; Tatús Gil; Carlos González; Carlos López; Juaco López; Jaime L. Martín; Chema Menéndez; Estibi Mínguez; Miguel Montes; Sofía Moreno; Lucía Nosti; Tania Olmedo; Carolina Pelaz; Miriam Perandones; Carlos Pérez; and Bill Wear.


Luis Argeo; Natalia Carrero; Mercedes Cebrián; Cristina Colmena; Sara Cordón; James D. Fernández; María Dueñas; Eduardo Lago; Alberto Olmos; Cristina Pato; Marina Perezagua; Kirmen Uribe; Mateo Sancho; Manuel Vilas; and Ángeles Caso.


Many well-known figures have supported the project, including the chef José Andrés, the journalist and filmmaker Guillermo Fesser, the artist Cristina Pato, and the writer Eduardo Lago.

“These two men have travelled many kilometers and thousands of miles across the Atlantic to put together the fragments of memory that form this puzzle. Over the last decade, they have lugged their camera equipment, boarded planes and trains, driven their own cars, rented vans, and made many friends along the way. The result of this work, which was carried out with such affection and sensitivity, is a beautiful, illustrative and moving exhibition: Invisible Emigrants.”
María Dueñas

“The world is a cante de ida y vuelta (literally “round trip song” referring to the interplay between the musical traditions of Spain and Latin America) in which the Spanish contributed decisively to the current rhythm of the United States. We know all too well what “Made in the USA” culture offers us, but we forget that we Spaniards played a part in making this possible. “Invisible Emigrants, 1868–1945″ is an essential historical vindication. It means that Spanish-speaking emigrants arriving in the United States today will not do so with their eyes down as they enter a strange land, but with their heads held high, in the knowledge that they are in fact returning home.”
Guillermo Fesser